The Coelacanth Fishes / Die Quastenflosser Fische

Coelacanthus sharjah Khalaf, 2013 : A New Coelacanth Fish Fossil Species from Sharjah Natural History and Botanical Museum, Sharjah, Emirate of Sharjah, United Arab Emirates

سيلاكانثوس شارجة خلف ، 2013 : نوع جديد لأحفورة سمكة الجُمبيزة (سيلاكانث) من متحف الشارقة للتاريخ الطبيعي والنباتي ، الشارقة ، دولة الإمارات العربية المتحدة

Coelacanthus sharjah Khalaf, 2013 : A New Coelacanth Fish Fossil Species from Sharjah Natural History and Botanical Museum, Sharjah, Emirate of Sharjah, United Arab Emirates

By: Prof. Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa

Article Reference

Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Prof. Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2013). Coelacanthus sharjah Khalaf, 2013 : A New Coelacanth Fish Fossil Species from Sharjah Natural History and Botanical Museum, Sharjah, Emirate of Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin. ISSN 0178 - 6288. Number 106, October 2013, Thu Al Hijja 1434 AH. pp. 18–38.  Dubai and Sharjah, United Arab Emirates.       http://quastenflosser.webs.com/coelacanthussharjah.htm

Anterior Part of the Sharjah Coelacanth Fossil Coelacanthus sharjah Khalaf, 2013. Photo by: Prof. Dr. Norman Ali Khalaf-von Jaffa. 26.09.2013.

Abstract

A new fossil species of Coelacanth Fish of the genus Coelacanthus (Class Sarcopterygii, Subclass Crossopterygii, Order Coelacanthiformes, Family Coelacanthidae) from Sharjah Natural History and Botanical Museum in Sharjah, United Arab Emirates is described. The origin of the specimen is unknown. The new fossil species is distinguished from the other ten Coelacanthus species by its slightly different skeletal, skull and fin features. It is morphologically distinct from the other ten species. The new species was named Coelacanthus sharjah Khalaf, 2013.

Keywords

Sarcopterygii, Coelacanthiformes, Coelacanthidae, Coelacanthus sharjah, Coelacanth, Sharjah Coelacanth, Arabian Coelacanth, Emirati Coelacanth, Fossil, New species, Sharjah Natural History and Botanical Museum, Sharjah, Emirate of Sharjah, United Arab Emirates, Near East, Middle East.

Middle Part of the Sharjah Coelacanth Fossil Coelacanthus sharjah Khalaf, 2013. Photo by: Prof. Dr. Norman Ali Khalaf-von Jaffa. 26.09.2013.

Introduction

During a visit to Sharjah Natural History and Botanical Museum in Sharjah, Emirate of Sharjah, United Arab Emirates on Thursday 26.09.2013, I examined and took measurements of a Coelacanth Fish Fossil.

After examining the Coelacanthus fish at Sharjah Natural History Museum, I began comparing between the different Coelacanthus fossil species.

There are ten Coelacanthus recognized species: Coelacanthus banffensis Lambe, 1916; † Coelacanthus evolutus Beltan, 1980; † Coelacanthus gracilis Agassiz, 1844; † Coelacanthus granulatus Agassiz, 1836; † Coelacanthus harlemensis Winkler, 1871; † Coelacanthus lunzensis Reis, 1900; † Coelacanthus madagascariensis Woodward, 1910; † Coelacanthus minor Agassiz, 1844; † Coelacanthus welleri Eastman, 1908; † Coelacanthus whitea Lehman, 1952.

 

The new fossil species † Coelacanthus sharjah Khalaf, 2013 is distinguished from the other ten Coelacanthus species by its slightly different skeletal, skull and fin features. It is morphologically distinct from the other ten species.

Posterior part of the Sharjah Coelacanth Fossil Coelacanthus sharjah Khalaf, 2013. Photo by: Prof. Dr. Norman Ali khalaf-von Jaffa. 26.09.2013.

Description

Coelacanthus ("Hollow Spine") is a genus of extinct coelacanths that first appeared during the Late Permian period, 251 million years ago. In fact, this was the first genus of coelacanths ever described by Louis Agassiz in 1836, as the order Coelacanthiformes is named after it.

They bear a superficial similarity to the living Latimeria, though they were smaller, and had more elongated heads. Individuals grew up to 3 feet in length, and had small lobed fins, suggesting that Coelacanthus were open-water predators (Wikipedia).

Coelacanthus was a long-lived genus with a worldwide distribution. They survived the Permian–Triassic extinction event, and eventually died out during the end of the Jurassic, 145.5 million years ago.

The Sharjah Coelacanth Fossil Coelacanthus sharjah Khalaf, 2013. Photo by: Prof. Dr. Norman Ali Khalaf-von Jaffa. 26.09.2013.

Measurements of the Sharjah Coelacanth Fossil

Total length: 35.00 cm; Head from mouth tip to gill cover: 8.00 cm; Tail length: 9.00 cm; Head width at the gill cover: 9.00 cm; Body width in the middle (dorsal-ventral): 9 cm, tail base width: 6.5 cm; Anterior dorsal fin: 5.50 cm; Posterior dorsal fin: 4.50 cm; Pectoral fin: 6.50 cm; Pelvic fin: 5.50 cm; Anal fin: 5.00 cm; Tail rays: 6.00 cm.

Etymology / Derivation of the Scientific Name

Coelacanthus in New Latin literally: hollow spine; “Coel” indicating a cavity within a body or a hollow organ or part, from Greek “koilos” hollow + Greek “akanthos” spined, adj. derivative of "ákantha" spine, referring to the hollow caudal fin rays of the first fossil specimen described and named by Louis Agassiz in 1836.

 

The Arabic species name “sharjah” refers to Sharjah, Emirate of Sharjah, United Arab Emirates where the fossil specimen is deposited at the Sharjah Natural History and Botanical Museum.

Conclusion

After studying, examining and measuring the Coelacanthus fish fossil specimen at Sharjah Natural History and Botanical Museum, and comparing with the different Coelacanthus species, and referring to many zoological references, and searching the Internet, I came finally to a conclusion that we are in front of a new Coelacanth fossil species.

I gave it the scientific name Coelacanthus sharjah, new fossil species. The species name “sharjah” is for Sharjah, Emirate of Sharjah, United Arab Emirates.

Coelacanthus sharjah, new fossil species:

Scientific Binomial name: Coelacanthus sharjah Khalaf, 2013

Authority: Prof. Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Khalaf-von Jaffa.

Common Names: Sharjah Coelacanth, Arabian Coelacanth, Emirati Coelacanth.

Holotype Fossil: CSNHM-1, 35.00 cm, Sharjah Natural History and Botanical Museum, Sharjah, Emirate of Sharjah, United Arab Emirates.

Origin: Unknown.

 

Date of Study: 26th September, 2013.

The Sharjah Coelacanth Fossil Coelacanthus sharjah Khalaf, 2013. Photo by: Prof. Dr. Norman Ali Khalaf-von Jaffa. 26.09.2013. 

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Prof. Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Khalaf-von Jaffa is showing the Sharjah Coelacanth Fossil Coelacanthus sharjah Khalaf, 2013. 26.09.2013

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Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (Gründer) (seit Juni 2001).
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Prof. Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Khalaf-von Jaffa is taking measurements of the Sharjah Coelacanth Coelacanthus sharjah Khalaf, 2013. 26.09.2013.

Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2007). Rhiniodon typus Smith, 1828 or Rhincodon typus Smith, 1829: The Story of a Scientific Name. Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin. Number 71, November 2007. pp. 21. Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. http://whale-shark.webs.com/rhiniodontypus.htm                
Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2007). Whale Sharks in Palestinian Waters: A Whale Shark (Rhincodon typus, Smith 1828) rescued near the Tantura Beach, Carmel Coast, North Palestine: The First Record from the Palestinian Mediterranean Coast. Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin. Number 71, November 2007. pp. 22-23. Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. (Abstracts in English and Arabic). http://whale-shark.webs.com/              

Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2007). Whale Sharks in Palestinian Waters: Whale Sharks (Rhincodon typus, Smith 1828) near Um Al-Rashrash (Eilat) Beach, Gulf of Aqaba, South Palestine: First Records from the Palestinian Red Sea Coast. Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin. Number 71, November 2007. pp. 23-26. Sharjah, United Arab Emirates.      (Abstract in English and Arabic). http://whale-shark.webs.com/                

Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2007). An Ocean Sunfish or Common Mola (Mola mola, Linnaeus 1758) caught off the coast of Gaza: The First Record from Palestine, East Mediterranean Sea. Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin. Number 72, December 2007, pp. 1-16. (Abstracts in English and Arabic).   http://www.geocities.com/jaffacity/Gaza_Ocean_Sunfish.html                                     Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2008). Cetacea Palaestina: The Whales and Dolphins in Palestinian Waters. Cetacean Species Guide for Palestine. Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin. Number 83, November 2008, Thu Al-Qi’ada 1429 AH. pp. 1-14. Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. http://cetacea-palaestina.webs.com/                                                        

Khalaf, Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2009). Zum 3. Todestag : Eine Persönlichkeit aus Jaffa, Palästina / The Third Death Anniversary : A Personality from Jaffa, Palestine : Bassam Ali Taher Khalaf (Abu Ali) (1938-2006). Gazelle: Das Palästinensische Biologische Bulletin. Nummer 86, Februar 2009, Safar 1430 AH. Seite 21.  Sharjah, Vereinigte Arabische Emirate. http://bassam-ali-taher-khalaf.webs.com/                                                                                                                                  

Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2009). A Longcomb Sawfish (Pristis zijsron Bleeker, 1851) caught off the coast of Dibba, United Arab Emirates, Gulf of Oman. Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin. Number 88, April 2009, Rabi’e Al Thani 1430 AH. pp. 1-14.        http://dibba-sawfish.webs.com/                                                                             

Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Dr.Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2009). Garra barreimiae wurayahi Khalaf, 2009 : A New Blind Cave Fish Subspecies from Wadi Al Wurayah Pools, Emirate of Fujairah, United Arab Emirates. Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin. ISSN 0178 – 6288. Number 90, June 2009, Jumada Al-Akhera 1430 AH. pp. 1-15. Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. http://emirati-blind-cave-fish.webs.com/                                                                                       

Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2009). Flora and Fauna in Palestine. Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin. ISSN 0178 – 6288. Number 91, July 2009, Rajab 1430 AH. pp. 1-31. Sharjah, United Arab Emirates.        http://flora-fauna-palestine.webs.com/                                                                                         

Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2009). Oreochromis mossambicus bassamkhalafi Khalaf, 2009 : A New Mozambique Tilapia Subspecies from Wadi Al Wurayah Pools, Emirate of Fujairah, United Arab Emirates. Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin. ISSN 0178 – 6288. Number 92, August 2009, Sha’ban 1430 AH. pp. 1-25. Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. http://emirati-tilapia.webs.com/                                                                        

Khalaf-von Jaffa, Dr. Norman Ali Bassam (2009). Fauna Palaestina – Part One. A Zoological Journey in Palestine, Arabia and Europe between 1983 – 2006 / Fauna Palaestina – Teil Eins. Eine Zoologische Reise in Palästina, Arabien und Europa zwischen 1983 – 2006. ISBN 978-9948-03-865-8. Erste Auflage/First Edition, September 2009: 412 Seiten/Pages. Self Publisher: Dr. Norman Ali Bassam Khalaf-von Jaffa,  Sharjah, United Arab Emirates & Rilchingen-Hanweiler, Bundesrepublik Deutschland.   http://dr-norman-ali-khalaf-books.webs.com/faunapalaestinapart1.htm                                                             

Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2009). Bowmouth Guitarfish (Rhina ancylostoma Bloch & Schneider, 1801) at Sharjah Aquarium, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological
Bulletin. ISSN 0178 – 6288. Twenty-seventh Year, Number 93, September 2009,
Ramadan 1430 AH. pp. 1-18.          http://bowmouth-guitarfish-emirates.webs.com/bowmouthguitarfishuae.htm                                                Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2009). Whale
Shark (Rhincodon typus, Smith 1828) Records from the United Arab Emirates
between 1989 - 2009. Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin. ISSN 0178 –
6288. Twenty-seventh Year, Number 94, October 2009, Shawal 1430 AH. pp. 1-28.
Sharjah, United Arab Emirates.    
http://whale-shark.webs.com/whalesharkinemirates.htm                                  

Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Zoologist, Ecologist and Geologist : The Scientific References (1980-2009). http://dr-norman-ali-khalaf-references.webs.com/                                                                

Khalaf-von Jaffa, Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2010). Fauna Emiratus - Part One. Zoological Studies in the United Arab Emirates between 2004 - 2009. / Fauna Emiratus – Teil Eins. Zoologische Studien in die Vereinigten Arabischen Emirate zwischen 2004 - 2009. ISBN 978-9948-15-462-4. Erste Auflage/First Edition, November 2010: 350 Seiten / Pages. Self Publisher: Dr. Norman Ali Bassam Khalaf-von Jaffa, Dubai and Sharjah, United Arab Emirates & Rilchingen-Hanweiler, Bundesrepublik Deutschland.
http://dr-norman-ali-khalaf-books.webs.com/faunaemiratuspart1.htm    
 

Khalaf, Dr. Norman Ali (Zoologist) (2011). A note on the Coelacanth of Kuwait. Readers’ Letters, National Geographic Al Arabiya Magazine. April 2011, Volume 2, Number 7, pp. 8. (In Arabic)                 http://www.flickr.com/photos/50022881@N00/10122383976/

Khalaf-von Jaffa, Dr. Norman Ali Bassam (2012). Fauna Palaestina – Part Two. Zoological Studies in Palestine between 1983 – 2009 / Fauna Palaestina - Teil Zwei. Zoologische Studien in Palästina zwischen 1983 – 2009. ISBN 978-9948-16-667-2. 1. Auflage / First Edition : July 2012, Shaaban 1433 H. 208 Seiten / Pages (Arabic Part 120 Pages and the English Part 88 Pages). Publisher: Dar Al Jundi Publishing House, Jerusalem, Palestine.          http://dr-norman-ali-khalaf-books.webs.com/faunapalaestinapart2.htm                                                                   Khalaf-von Jaffa, Dr. Norman Ali Bassam (2013). Fauna Palaestina – Part Three. Zoological Studies in Palestine between 2005 – 2012 / Fauna Palaestina - Teil Drei. Zoologische Studien in Palästina zwischen 2005 – 2012. ISBN 978-9950-383-35-7. Erste Auflage / First Edition : July 2013, Shaaban 1434 H. 364 pages (English Part 350 Pages and the Arabic Part 14 Pages). Publisher: Dar Al Jundi Publishing House, Jerusalem, State of Palestine.           http://dr-norman-ali-khalaf-books.webs.com/faunapalaestinapart3.htm                                                          

Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Prof. Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2013). Garra rufa wadiqana Khalaf, 2013: A New Freshwater Doctor Fish Subspecies from Wadi Qana Nature Reserve, Salfit Governorate, State of Palestine. Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin. ISSN 0178 – 6288. Number 103, July 2013, Ramadan 1434 AH. pp. 1-25. Dubai and Sharjah, United Arab Emirates.      http://palestine-fishes.webs.com/palestine-doctor-fish                                     

Khalaf-von Jaffa, Prof. Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam (2013). Taxon Profile: Subspecies Garra rufa wadiqana Khalaf, 2013. BioLib.cz. Biological Library. http://www.biolib.cz/en/taxon/id1059609/                                                  

Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Prof. Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2013). Palestine Doctor Fish (Garra rufa wadiqana Khalaf, 2013). EOL. Encyclopedia of Life. http://eol.org/collections/80813                                                                            

Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Prof. Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2013). † Coelacanthus sharjah Khalaf, 2013 : A New Coelacanth Fish Fossil Species from Sharjah Natural History and Botanical Museum, Sharjah, Emirate of Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin. ISSN 0178 - 6288. Number 106, October 2013, Thu Al Hijja 1434 AH. pp. 18–38.  Dubai and Sharjah, United Arab Emirates.       http://quastenflosser.webs.com/coelacanthussharjah.htm 

Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Prof. Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2013).  Picture of the new Coelacanth fish fossil † Coelacanthus sharjah Khalaf, 2013 at Sharjah Natural History and Botanical Museum, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. 26.09.2013. Flickr. http://www.flickr.com/photos/50022881@N00/9962145603/        

Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Prof. Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam is taking measurements of the new Coelacanth fish fossil † Coelacanthus sharjah Khalaf, 2013 at Sharjah Natural History and Botanical Museum, Sharjah, Emirate of Sharjah, United Arab Emirates. 26.09.2013. Flickr. http://www.flickr.com/photos/50022881@N00/10002030764/ 

Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Prof. Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2013). Taxon Profile: Species Sharjah Coelacanth Coelacanthus sharjah Khalaf, 2013. BioLib. Biological Library.  http://www.biolib.cz/en/taxon/id1068520/             

Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa, Prof. Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher (2013). Sharjah Coelacanth († Coelacanthus sharjah Khalaf, 2013). EOL. Encyclopedia of Life.   http://eol.org/collections/95987/                         

Lambers, Paul H.  (1991).The identity of the type specimen of Coelacanthus harlemensis Winkler (Pisces, Actinistia) from the lithographic limestone of Solnhofen (Tithonian), Bavaria. Paläontologische Zeitschrift, June 1991, Volume 65, Issue 1-2, pp 173-189. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF02985782

Moy-Thomas, J. A. and T. S. Westoll (1935). On the Permian Coelacanth, Coelacanthus granulatus, Ag. Geological Magazine / Volume 72 / Issue 10 / October 1935, pp 446-457.           http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract;jsessionid=EC3D0054E699FBFFBDFC5B1B21A66DB1.journals?fromPage=online&aid=4904620                  

Moy-Thomas, J. A. &  E. I. White (1934). The Pectoral Fin of Coelacanthus tingleyensis. Nature 133, 499-499 (31 March 1934) | doi:10.1038/133499b0. http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v133/n3361/abs/133499b0.html

Nature. Ancient Coelacanths: Coelacanthus banffensis and Whitea sp. Amazing Story! http://nature.ca/discover/treasures/foss/tr2/coe_e.cfm

Pouyaud, Laurent; Wirjoatmodjoc, Soetikno; Rachmatikac, Ike; Tjakrawidjajac, Agus; Hadiatyc, Renny; Hadied, Wartono (1999). Une nouvelle espèce de coelacanthe. Preuves génétiques et morphologiques. A new species of coelacanth. Comptes rendus de l'Académie des sciences - Série III - Sciences de la vie / Life Sciences - 1999, 322, 261-267.          www.elsevier.fr/html/news/cras3mars99/pouyaud.html

Schauer, Juergen; Fricke, Hans. The Biology of the Coelacanth Latimeria chalumnae. www.orn.mpg.de/~hissmann/coela.html         
Schliewen, U.; Fricke, H.; Schartl, M.; Epplen, J.T.; Paeaebo, S. (1993). Which home for coelacanth?. Nature 363: 405.        
Smith, J.L.B. (1939). A living fish of mesozoic type. Nature 143. pp. 455— 456.
Smith, J.L.B. (1956). Old Fourlegs: The Story of the Coelacanth. Longmans, Londres.
The Fish out of Time. Coelacanth Information. www.dinofish.com/
Wikipedia. Quastenflosser. http://de.wikipedia.org/?title=Quastenflosser      

The Fossil Forum. Coelacanthus granulatus, a Permian Coelacanth from Germany. 2011. http://www.thefossilforum.com/index.php?/gallery/image/18163-coelacanthus-granulatus-a-permian-coelacanth-from-germany/                                       

Wikipedia. Coelacanth. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coelacanth                                   

Wikpedia. Coelacanthus. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coelacanthus

Prof. Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Khalaf-von Jaffa at Sharjah Natural History and Botanical Museum, Sharjah, UAE. 26.09.2013.